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What Are The Causes Of Urinary Incontinence In Pregnancy?


During pregnancy, the most common urological problem seen amongst females is urinary incontinence. The major symptoms of this situation often shows itself with situations such as wanting to urinate a lot and sometimes not making it to the bathroom. During pregnancy, every female will experience urinary incontinence in a different severity. If urinary incontinence is so severe that it actually affects the daily routine of the female, they should contact a specialist as soon as possible.

The causes of urinary incontinence in pregnancy

The rate of blood that passes through the kidney will increase in pregnant women. With the amount of blood flow increasing in the kidneys, the rate of blood which is filtered by the kidney will increase as well. The expanding uterus puts pressure on the females bladder and pushes the uterine sack upwards and back. Increased secretion of the progesterone hormone during pregnancy causes relaxation of the sphincter between the urinary tract. During pregnancy, women are more open to bladder infections. During pregnancy, especially between the 3rd and 6th month, the amount of blood filtered from the kidneys, reaches the highest point possible. As a result of this situation the mother may feel the need to go to the toilet frequently.

Urinary incontinence during pregnancy can be related to reasons such as; urge-type urinary incontinence and stress-related urinary incontinence. Depending on the weight gained during pregnancy, the pressure on the bladder will increase. The contraction of the bladder muscles cannot function adequately with the increased pressure in the bladder and urinary incontinence can occur.

Stress related urinary incontinence can be caused by coughing, sneezing and carrying heavy weight.

Apart from all of these factors women who have previously given birth, the a baby of 3.5 to 4 kilograms or above are more likely to experience urinary incontinence.

How can urinary incontinence be treated?

Women who experience urinary incontinence problems should take a urinary culture and sensitivity test. These tests will show whether or not the female has urinary infection. If urinary tract infection is detected, the female should be treated immediately. Surgical interventions for urinary incontinence is not recommended during pregnancy.

Kegel exercises

Kegel exercises are exercises that are very easy and can be done in every moment of everyday life. The most important part of Kegel exercises that it helps work the right muscle. The muscles that the female should work on during Kegel exercises are urinary muscles. Kegel exercises can be done everywhere and every moment. Give yourself deadlines in each PC. For example, the first hold should last for five seconds. Start with the first 25 the first day and increase that number the next day. Once the female has started doing Kegel exercises the urinary problems will disappeared after a certain period.